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Citation Hacks: APA Guide 6th Edition

Give credit where it's due - citing sources is important when you use ideas that are not your own.

APA Style


The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, is the current manual for citing in APA format.

 It is the most commonly used format for Social Sciences such as Sociology, Psychology, Economics and other disciplines such as business and nursing.

See the APA style guide or the Purdue OWL for more examples of APA format.

Some Helpful Tips:

  • When creating your citation page use References as your header at the top of your page.
  • All references are double-spaced.
  • Indent all lines after the first line,by using a hanging indent. (Ctrl+T in MS Word.)
  •  Use initials for first and middle names, even if the entire name is provided.
  • Italicize journal name and volume number or book title.
  •  When referring to books, chapters, articles, or Web pages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.
  • Capitalize all major words in journal titles.
  • Months are spelled out rather than abbreviated.
  •  Do not end the citation with a period if it ends in a URL or DOI (digital object identifier).
  •  Space once after commas, colons, semicolons, punctuation marks at the ends of sentences, periods that separate parts of a reference citation, and after the periods of the initials in personal names.

In-Text Citations:

A parenthetical reference follows a quotation or paraphrase used in the text of your paper and leads the reader to the complete citation in the works cited page.  Usually the author, year of publication are sufficient. (Gibaldi, 2007)

For more detailed information and examples, consult:

Our APA Handout

apa handout

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