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Searching for Articles: Truncation

Tip!

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Be careful where you place your wildcard: Don't shorten your word too much or you may come up with entirely irrelevant results. 

 

GOOD:

Politic* will retrieve
 politic
 politics
 political
 politically
 politician
 politicians

 

BAD:

If you want all forms of the word culture, and you type cul*, you will retrieve the following that you don't want:

  cults
 cultivate
 culinary
 culminate
 culotte
 culprit

Truncation

Truncation allows you to search for a root form of a word and pick up any ending. Sometimes words have different spellings, or you may need different forms of the word, such as singular and plural forms and different suffixes. By truncating a word, you will broaden your search and ensure that you retrieve all items containing a form of the word

Truncation Symbols

Here is a chart showing some possible truncation symbols,which may vary by database. Consult the database’s “help” or “search tips” pages for details.

 

Operator

What it Finds

Example Search

Results

*

Unlimited number of letters

Huck*

Huckleberry, Huckabee, Huckle Publishing, etc.

!

0-1 letter

Huck!

Huck, Hucke

?

1 letter for every ?

Huck??

Huckle

 

You can also use truncations symbols in the middle of words to pull up variations on that word:

<Wom?n>=women, woman

<Gr?y>=gray, grey