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APA Style Guide: Citation Examples & Formatting your Bibliography

Some Helpful Tips:

  • When creating your citation page use References as your header at the top of your page.
  • All references are double-spaced.
  • Indent all lines after the first line,by using a hanging indent. (Ctrl+T in MS Word.)
  • Use initials for first and middle names, even if the entire name is provided.
  • Italicize journal name, volume number, and book title.
  • When referring to books, chapters, articles, or web pages, only capitalize the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.
  • Capitalize all major words in journal titles.
  • Months are spelled out, not abbreviated.
  • Do not end the citation with a period if it ends in a URL or DOI (digital object identifier).
  • Only use 1 space after commas, colons, semicolons, punctuation marks at the ends of sentences, periods that separate parts of a reference citation, and after the periods of the initials in personal names.

In-Text Citations:

A parenthetical reference follows a quotation or paraphrase used in the text of your paper and leads the reader to the complete citation in the references page. Usually the author, year of publication are sufficient. (Gibaldi, 2007)

For more detailed information and examples, consult:

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

An annotated bibliography is a list of sources formatted in the manner of a bibliography with a short paragraph after each entry. The paragraph provides a brief summary of the article and its relevancy to the main subject. 

When creating an annotated bibliography, consult with your professor about any questions you have. Assignment requirements may vary according to the subject and professor.

Our APA Handout

apa handout